Patient Safety in Healthcare Essay Case Study

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Patient Safety in Healthcare Essay Introduction

Patient safety in healthcare is considered as practice for reducing the risk of adverse events that are related to medical care exposure across a range of diagnosis. Many patient safety practices have been considered as possible strategies for avoiding errors in patient safety in healthcare. These patient safety practices include bar coding, use of simulators, crew resource management and so on. In addition to this, patient safety can also be defined as prevention of harm to patients. Patient safety is further important in healthcare as health practitioners would be able to improvise on patient safety practices by engaging patients and their families with an effective communication. Thus, the study sheds light on SWOT and PESTLE analysis of patient safety in healthcare.

Patient Safety in Healthcare Essay SWOT

Strengths

  • Structured design of equipment for preventing errors
  • Ensures sterile condition
  • Effective communication within the staff members as well as with patients and their family

Weaknesses

  • Informal curriculum and not complying with proper legislations
  • Lack of faculty awareness
  • Decentralized organizational structure

Opportunities

  • Improve patient safety practices
  • Surveying patients and evaluating healthcare staff
  • Increased patients thereby increased payments of healthcare staff

Threats

  • Malpractice lawsuits
  • Chances of low quality care to patients
  • Lack of maintaining confidentiality

Table 1: SWOT of Patient Safety in Healthcare

(Source: Influenced by Kapur et al. 2015)

Patient Safety in Healthcare Essay Analysis

Strengths

Patient safety is one of the key aspects in healthcare organisations. The healthcare practitioners are concerned with the standard of safety practices they provide to their patients. As per the words of Ammouri et al. (2015), patient falls could be prevented by providing well designed rooms for patients. Thus, healthcare organisations possess structured designs in order to serve the patients better without any errors. Further, the practitioners inculcate sterile conditions that help in reducing several numbers of infections. According to the words of McFadden et al. (2015), effective communication helps to eliminate mistakes as well as build better relationships. Thus, the healthcare staffs possess effective communication within the staff members as well as with the patients and family members.

Weaknesses

Healthcare organisations require a standard curriculum that is to be followed in order to provide better patient safety practices. However, the health organisations possess informal curriculum that would lead to inefficiency in patient safety practices. Moreover, Aveling et al. (2016) stated that the healthcare practitioners would be able to serve the patients with better knowledge about patient safety in healthcare. In contrary to this, it has been observed that healthcare organisations posses lack of faculty awareness and therefore are not able to gather appropriate knowledge about patient safety in healthcare. In addition to this, the decentralized structure or healthcare organisations has further leads to loss of control over the activities of the medical practitioners.

Opportunities

Well structured design of the healthcare organisations would acquire an opportunity to improve the areas of inadequacies in patient safety practices. This would further provide them opportunity to survey patients in a better way and also to evaluate the staff members thereby making them aware of their inadequacies. In addition to this, improvisation on patient safety in healthcare would build a sense of trust among the patients thereby increasing number of patients. This would further lead to an increase in the payments of healthcare practitioners.

Threats

Informal curriculum in healthcare organisations results in risk of malpractice lawsuits. This would further lead to loss of trust among the patients for the practitioners. In addition to this, lack of awareness regarding patient safety practices would lead to inefficiency in providing quality care of patient safety in healthcare. The decentralised structured organisation might further lead to risk of maintaining confidentiality of the patients.

Patient Safety in Healthcare Essay PESTLE

Political

  • Political stability
  • Corporation tax would be 17% from 1 April 2020
  • Care Quality Commission

Economical

  • Inflation rate dropped to 1.7% in August 2019

Social

  • 18% of the people were aged over 65 in the year 2016

Technological

  • Most technologically advanced country

Legal

  • Section 27 Equality Act 2010
  • Section 40 of Health and Social Care Act 2012
  • Section 35 of Data Protection Act 2018

Environmental

  • Sustainable environment

Table 2: PESTLE Table

(Source: Influenced by Baines et al. 2015)

Patient Safety in Healthcare Essay Analysis

Political

The UK possesses political stability and the corporation tax would be decreased to 17% by 2020 that is advantageous for the healthcare organisations for import of new equipment (Gov.uk, 2019). This would further be beneficial for providing better quality patient safety in healthcare. In addition to this, with the implementation of new equipment the healthcare practitioners would be able to treat severe diseases in a more simplified way. The healthcare organisations further comply with Care Quality Commission for monitoring and inspecting better patient safety in healthcare.

Economical

Drop of inflation rate to 1.7% has created a positive impact on the healthcare practitioners as it would become easy for them to afford new equipment (Ons.gov.uk, 2019). Further, the charges for providing medical facilities would also be decreased which would thereby create a positive impact on the patients. Thus, the patients would further feel comfortable for availing patient safety in healthcare due decreased payments in the healthcare organisations.

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Social

From the above table it has been observed that 18% of the people of the UK are aged over 65 years (Foronda et al. 2016). This would further increase the responsibilities of healthcare practitioners as with increasing age, it many times happen that aged people get more acquired to diseases. Additionally, over the years the number of aged population would further increase thereby increasing the responsibilities of healthcare practitioners.

Technological

The UK has been regarded as the most technologically advanced economy in the world. This has given the opportunity to the healthcare practitioners for implementing latest technologies in order to provide quality patient safety in healthcare. This would further help the healthcare practitioners to implement advanced technologies in order to simplify the method of treatment. It has been observed that implementation of latest technologies in healthcare organisations such as X-Ray machines, USG machines and so on reduces the workload as well as the time.

Legal

As per section 27 of Equality Act 2010, every patient would be treated equally in the healthcare organisations without getting discriminated with respect to their economic condition or religion or race. This further provides the right to patients for availing best patient safety practices in the healthcare organisations as per their requirement (Gov.uk, 2019). In addition to this, in compliance with section 35 of Data Protection Act 2018, healthcare practitioners would be able to maintain confidentiality of the patients (Gov.uk, 2019). This would create a positive impact on the customers thereby they would be availing patient safety in healthcare satisfactorily. Additionally, the healthcare organisations further comply with section 40 of Healthcare and Social Care Act 2012 in order to monitor and inspect the health of patient thereby providing better patient safety in healthcare (Legislation.gov.uk, 2019).

Environmental

UK has made certain improvements in order to reduce negative impact on the environment thereby providing sustainable environment to its citizens. In addition to this, healthcare practitioners would be able to treat their patients with the best possible methods in order to provide a sustainable treatment.

References

Ammouri, A.A., Tailakh, A.K., Muliira, J.K., Geethakrishnan, R. and Al Kindi, S.N., (2015). Patient safety culture among nurses. International Nursing Review62(1), pp.102-110.

Aveling, E.L., Parker, M. and Dixon‐Woods, M., (2016). What is the role of individual accountability in patient safety? A multi‐site ethnographic study. Sociology of health & illness38(2), pp.216-232.

Baines, R., Langelaan, M., de Bruijne, M., Spreeuwenberg, P. and Wagner, C., (2015). How effective are patient safety initiatives? A retrospective patient record review study of changes to patient safety over time. BMJ Qual Saf24(9), pp.561-571.

Foronda, C., MacWilliams, B. and McArthur, E., (2016). Interprofessional communication in healthcare: An integrative review. Nurse education in practice19, pp.36-40.

Gov.uk (2019). Data Protection Act 2018. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/data-protection-act-2018, [Accessed on 20 September 2019]

Gov.uk (2019). Equality Act 2010: guidance. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/equality-act-2010-guidance, [Accessed on 22 September 2019]

Gov.uk (2019). Rates and allowances: Corporation Tax. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/rates-and-allowances-corporation-tax/rates-and-allowances-corporation-tax, [Accessed on 20 September 2019]

Kapur, N., Parand, A., Soukup, T., Reader, T. and Sevdalis, N., (2015). Aviation and healthcare: a comparative review with implications for patient safety. JRSM open7(1), p.2054270415616548.

Legislation.gov.uk (2019). legislation.gov.uk. available at: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2012/7/section/40, [Accessed on 19 September 2019]

McFadden, K.L., Stock, G.N. and Gowen III, C.R., (2015). Leadership, safety climate, and continuous quality improvement: impact on process quality and patient safety. Health care management review40(1), pp.24-34.

Ons.gov.uk (2019). Consumer price inflation, UK: August 2019. Available at: https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/inflationandpriceindices/bulletins/consumerpriceinflation/august2019, [Accessed on 23 September 2019]

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